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タイトル: アメリカの市政改革と教育委員会制度改革(5) : 教育長と「政治的指導性」
その他のタイトル: The Reform of Municipality and School Board in America (5) : Superintendents and "Educational Statesmanship"
著者: 藤本, 典裕
著者(別言語): Fujimoto, Norihiro
発行日: 1990年7月31日
出版者: 東京大学教育学部教育行政学研究室
掲載誌情報: 東京大学教育学部教育行政学研究室紀要. 10号, 1990.7, p.43-56
抄録: Early American superintendents were 'educational' experts, gave teachers and principals educational leadership and advice, and sometimes taught themselves. With population growth, educational affairs grew excessive, complex and technical. Superintendents were thus pressed to be technical administrators to deal with business, administrative and excutive affairs in addition to educational ones. But criticism of the business - executive concept of the superintendent was born. It criticized the concept from the point of 'social reform' through schools. It was emphasized that teachers and administrators (superintendents) had to have 'social' view point,and take their own parts in making educational policies. In this paper, I tried to clarify the new concept of educational administrators, i.e. "Educational Statesmanship". I examined some of the statements which intended to introduce the new concept; statesments of Counts, Kilpatrick, Kandel, Newlon, the Department of Superintendency of the N.E.A. and so on. Though they criticized 'business' concept and emphasized 'statesman' concept, they couldn't clarify the fact that superintendency by nature had the tendency toward the centralization of authorities for educational administration and the alienation of 'lay' interests from decision - making for educational policies.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2261/1082
ISSN: 02880253
出現カテゴリ:東京大学教育学部教育行政学研究室紀要
東京大学教育学部教育行政学研究室紀要

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