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タイトル: 学校の拡大と「特別な生徒」
その他のタイトル: Extension of School and 'Special Pupils'
著者: 藤本, 典裕
著者(別言語): Fujimoto, Norihiro
発行日: 1992年8月31日
出版者: 東京大学教育学部教育行政学研究室
掲載誌情報: 東京大学教育学部教育行政学研究室紀要. 12号, 1992.8, p.35-45
抄録: Compulsory schooling, established around the turn of the centuries, has performed two main duties. One is the education aimed at the full development of abilities of children. The other is the sorting of children into many paths which are arranged according to social, economic, political needs. To fulfill these duties effectively, schools eliminated obstructing elements 'special pupils'. Then gradually they have isolated 'special pupils' into special classes or special programs within them. This paper examined (1) the notions of womanhood, childhood, correction, (2) the history of the elimination of 'special pupils' and the methods adopted. Elimination of 'special pupils' has been fostered by middle-biased 'child-saving' movement etc. and, in turn, has served social order, school security and efficiency. This is not exceptional but intrinsic nature of schools.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2261/1095
ISSN: 02880253


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