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タイトル: 大阪府・和歌山県沿岸における宝永・安政南海道津波の調査
その他のタイトル: Field Investigation of the Nankaido Tsunamis in 1707 and 1854 along the Osaka and Wakayama Coasts, West Kii Peninsula
著者: 羽鳥, 徳太郎
著者(別言語): Hatori, Tokutaro
発行日: 1980年11月15日
出版者: 東京大学地震研究所
掲載誌情報: 東京大学地震研究所彙報. 第55冊第2号, 1980.11.15, pp. 505-535
抄録: There are many old monuments of the Nankaido tsunamis of Hoei (Oct. 28, 1707) and the 2nd Ansei (Dec. 24, 1854) along the Osaka and Wakayama coasts, Western Japan. Most of these monuments were built just after the earthquakes to pray for the repose of the tsunami victims or to sound a warning to inhabitants. In this paper, the tsunami monuments are illustrated. Based on descriptions on the monuments, adding new data collected from the present field investigation, inundation heights of the 1707 Hoei and 1854 Ansei tsunamis along the Wakayama coast are surveyed by hand-level. Behaviors (inundation height and area) of the two historical tsunamis are compared with those of the 1946 Nankaido tsunami (Dec. 21, 1946). Inundation heights of the 1854 Ansei tsunami along the Wakayama coast, the west side of the Kii Peninsula, are 4.8 meters on the average and are 1.2 times as large as those of the 1946 Nankaido tsunami. The estimated heights of the 1707 Hoei tsunami are 5 meters with the localized run-up maximum of 6 to 7 meters. Along the Wakayama coast, the patterns of height distribution of the two historical tsunamis are similar to that of the 1946 Nankaido tsunami. However, the inundation heights of the 1707 Hoei and 1854 Ansei tsunamis along the coast in Osaka Bay are three times as large as those of the 1946 tsunami. Osaka suffered severe damage and many persons were drowned by the two tsunamis of 1707 and 1854. Estimated heights were about 3 meters. It suggests that the wave periods of the two historical tsunamis were longer than those of the 1946 tsunami. Although the source dimensions of the two historical tsunamis are similar to the 1946 tsunami (The source areas of three tsunamis extend 250 km along the Nankai trough), the rise times of crustal deformation for the two historical earthquakes differ significantly from the 1946 earthquake.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2261/12765
ISSN: 00408972
出現カテゴリ:東京大学地震研究所彙報
東京大学地震研究所彙報

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