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タイトル: 中等教育の拡張と変容 : 戦前の「補習科」の歴史と機能
その他のタイトル: Expansion and Changes in Secondary Education : History and Function of Supplementary Instruction (HOSYU-KA) during Pre War Era
著者: 春日, 裕
著者(別言語): Kasuga, Hiroshi
発行日: 2000年3月31日
出版者: 東京大学大学院教育学研究科教育行政学研究室
掲載誌情報: 東京大学大学院教育学研究科教育行政学研究室紀要. 19号, 2000.3, p.93-100
抄録: This investigation is about the history and function of supplementary instruction (HOSYU-KA) of Japan in Pre War Era. One characteristic of education of Japan in the Pre War Era was competition and control. High-education of Japan in those days was considered great elitist educational. Due to waiting period of graduates of secondary schools of four (4) months to enter high school, the HOSYU-KA was introduced in those days. Later on however, with the change of school calendar, HOSYU-KA became an individual concern. HOSYU-KA continued from 1894 to 1943 in the Pre War Era and was abolished during the World War II. The main purpose of HOSYU-KA was to train and upgrade one's scholastic ability. It was also used for safekeeping function of the school. But, it eventually dispersed students to different areas of society. The area on field of specialization which a student must take was highly influenced by a teacher in Japan during the Pre War Era. And such opinion was highly agreed upon by parents. The increased adoption of HOSYU-KA resulted to expansion of educational organization thereby making the government improve the maintenance of the school system, academic control and competition. Issues and problems emerging from the HOSYU-KA would suggest alternative measures and solutions in the present education problems.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2261/1289
ISSN: 13421980


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