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タイトル: Fault Heterogeneity of Inland Earthquakes in Japan
その他のタイトル: 日本内陸地震の不均質な断層活動
著者: Takeo, Minoru
Mikami, Naoya
著者(別言語): 武尾, 実
三上, 直也
発行日: 1990年12月25日
出版者: 東京大学地震研究所
掲載誌情報: 東京大学地震研究所彙報. 第65冊第3号, 1990.12.25, pp. 541-569
抄録: Detailed rupture processes of six intraplate earthquakes in Japan, the 1961 Kitamino earthquake, the 1969 GifuKen-Chubu earthquake, the 1974 Izu-Hanto-Oki earthquake, the 1975 OitaKen-Chubu earthquake, the 1980 Izu-Hanto-Toho-Oki earthquake, and the 1984 NaganoKen-Seibu earthquake, are compiled and compared to each other to make clear common features of an earthquake rupture process. The rupture processes are obtained by waveform inversion using strong motion seismograms in previous studies. Five of these rupture processes are also compared with distributions of precisely determined aftershocks. Earthquakes with relatively smooth rupture propagation, such as the 1974 Izu-Hanto-Oki earthquake and the 1961 Kitamino earthquake, represent smoother slip distribution than earthquakes with relatively irregular rupture propagation, such as the 1969 GifuKen-Chubu earthquake and the 1980 Izu-Hanto-Toho-Oki earthquake. It is also recognized that aftershocks of magnitude greater than 4 do not occur in the large slip area. Most large aftershocks take place near the edge of the large slip region and in the small slip region. Aftershocks also tend to cluster near the edge of the large slip region. These results are very consistent with numerical experiments of dynamic rupture, so it is suggested that the relation between aftershocks and coseismic slip pattern obtained in this paper hold generally for earthquake rupture processes. A clear delay of rupture propagation occurs in the large slip area during the 1969 GifuKen-Chubu earthquake: on the other hand, the small slip area in the 1980 Izu-Hanto-Toho-Oki earthquake is characterized by a deceleration of rupture propagation. The large slip area in the former case is interpreted as a barrier which resisted fracturing at first and was broken with a high stress drop. In the latter case, mechanical weakness due to volcanic structure located around the source region, seems to have affected the rupture process. A similar geological condition may have affected the rupture process of the 1978 Izu-Oshima-Kinkai earthquake which occurred about 10 km south of the 1980 Izu-Hanto-Toho-Oki earthquake.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2261/13063
ISSN: 00408972


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