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タイトル: 『楞伽師資記』に見える禅問答の萌芽について : 指事問義と鏡の譬喩
その他のタイトル: The origin of Chan Dialogue in the Record of the Masters and Disciples of the Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra : "Inquiries about Things" and the metaphor of the mirror
著者: 柳, 幹康
著者(別言語): Yanagi, Mikiyasu
発行日: 2008年3月31日
出版者: 東京大学大学院人文社会系研究科・文学部インド哲学仏教学研究室
掲載誌情報: インド哲学仏教学研究. 15, 2008.3, pp. 85-98
抄録: An important early-eighth-century "transmission of the lamp (灯史)" text compiled by Jingjue (浄覚), Record of the Masters and Disciples of the Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra (『楞伽師資記』), contains the origin of Chan Buddhist dialogue, which is referred to as "Inquiries about things (指事問義)". Because of its resemblance to the gong'ans (kōan 公案) of later Chan, "Inquiries about things" has attracted many people's notice, but its concrete content has not yet been revealed. Because in this text we are presented with only one viewpoint – the master's questions – there are neither students'responses nor any hints of context to explain for what these questions were intended. However, we can understand these "Inquiries about things" through the metaphor of the mirror, which is used in this text to describe the Northern school's doctrines. These "Inquiries of things" seem only to question the external world, while at the same time soliciting the parameters of the students'understanding. In other words, these inquiries are a type of edification by the masters employed to lead disciples to an aspect of the ultimate truth just as it is (如相), after denying the existence of phenomena (有相) and nonphenomena (無相). In addition, through comparison with other literary texts we can begin to understand one important aspect of the evolution of Chan thought.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2261/15201
ISSN: 09197907


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