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タイトル: 中国の高等教育規模拡張の政策的要因について
その他のタイトル: About the Policy Reasons for the Expansion of China's Higher Education
著者: 張, 玉琴
著者(別言語): Zhang, Yuqin
発行日: 2007年3月10日
出版者: 東京大学大学院教育学研究科
掲載誌情報: 東京大学大学院教育学研究科紀要. 46巻, 2007.3, pp. 371-379
抄録: From the the end of 1990s, China has entered the popularization stage of higher education with the symptoms of large-scale expansion. The college matriculation rates were 15% in 2003, 19% in 2004, and over 20% in 2005, which means that China's higher education has entered a new stage after over 50 years'development. According to many memoirs, there will be a further expansion and it will last to the latter half of the popularization stage of higher education, which is also demonstrated from the policy. Then, what makes the expansion of China's higher education possible, and how to meet the needs of higher education popularization through the reformation of China's former education system? Moreover, how to reform the policy for the solution of education funds? Facing the above questions, firstly, through the analysis of the policy proposed before the starts of the expansion mechanism of China's higher education, the research puts forward that the possible reason for the expansion is the two differentiations of the main body for higher education demand as well as higher education's connecting to the market. Then the research moves further to the policy reasons for the two differentiations of the main body for higher education demand, and finally introduces the actual condition of how to solve the problem of education funds needed for the expasion during approximate 20 years from 1980s to the end of the 1990s.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2261/15955
ISSN: 13421050


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