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タイトル: 中国における『血盆経』類の諸相 : 中国・日本の『血盆経』信仰に関する比較研究のために
その他のタイトル: On the Various Aspects of Xuepen-jing Textual Descriptions in China
著者: 前川, 亨
著者(別言語): Maekawa, Toru
キーワード: 血盆経
発行日: 2003年3月
出版者: 東京大学東洋文化研究所
掲載誌情報: 東洋文化研究所紀要. 142冊, 2003-03, p. 348-302
抄録: The Xuepen-jing, a Buddhist scripture formed in China, explains that women, due to the belief that bleeding at childbirth or menstruation pollutes the earth and water, will go to a hell after their death called “The Bloody Pond”(Ch., Xuepenchi or Xuehu; J., chi no ike), where they must undergo numerous great hardships until they are saved by a Buddha or a Bodhisattva.The scholarly research on this scripture began with an excellent paper by Michel Soymie, and following this achievement, many additional studies appeared regarding the Japanese reception of the text.However, although we find many references to the Xuepen-jing or “The Bloody Pond” in studies of Chinese folklore and Taoist rituals, there are almost no studies on the state of the Chinese popular belief associated with this scripture.In this paper, we will examine the various aspects of the Chinese Xuepen-jing textual genera, and then present some fundamental views on them taking the lead of existent studies on the Japanese reception of Xuepen-jing.The paper will consist of three parts.1, Classification and arrangement of materials. In contrast to the case of Japan, the Chinese varieties of Xuepen-jing include various texts that fall outside the Buddhist textual tradition. Therefore, we must first classify these materials. In accordance with their form and content, we can arrange the various texts into three general categories: Xuepen-jing texts in the narrow sence (i. e. Buddhist scriptures), Xuehu ceremonial manuals (Taoist ritual writings), and quasi-Xuepen-jing materials. In this section, we will also introduce some new materials for examination.2, The causes for falling into “The Bloody Pond” and the types of people who took the fall. Here we will examine whether childbirth alone was the cause for women descending into “The Bloody Pond”, or if menstruation was involved as well. We also will investigate the issue of whether it was exclusively women who took the fall, or if men also descended into this ghastly hell.3, Women's original sin and the gratitude due to mothers. In this section, we will present the hypothesis that in China the Xuepen-jing existed as a “filial piety” scripture which combined the original sin of women with the sanctity of the mother, according to “the gratitude due to the mother”.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2261/2008
ISSN: 05638089


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