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タイトル: 国民政府による関税自主権の回復過程
その他のタイトル: The Process of Recovering Tariff Autonomy by the Chinese Nationalist Government
著者: 久保, 亨
著者(別言語): Kubo, Tōru
キーワード: 中国
発行日: 1985年10月
出版者: 東京大学東洋文化研究所
掲載誌情報: 東洋文化研究所紀要. 98冊, 1985-10, p. 347-393
抄録: Using basic materials preserved in Japan, England and China, this paper criticizes some former studies and argues on the important factors affected the process of recovering Tariff Autonomy by the Chinese Nationalist Go-vernment.In those days, the British policy in China was changing into the new policy based on the belief that an orderly retreat was better than a rout caused by a firm attitude.The United States Government also thought that it was necessary to concede to Chinese nationalism and wanted to haste the negotiation on the tariff treaty with China.Even in Japan, as the positive policy of General Tanaka involved her in complicated situations, she could not but reconsider the policy.On the other hand, the decision making process of the Chinese Nationalist Government shows us that they have practical and moderate ideas on the tariff questions, for they needed the tariff revenue above all.While the Powers adopted the retreating policy to modify the old treaty system, the Nationalist Government selected the moderate course to revise the treaty.Both of them surely contributed to the recovery of China's Tariff Autonomy.We must, however, appreciate the fundamental factor that chang-ed the attitude of the Powers and gave the value to the moderate course of the Nationalist Government.That was Chinese nationalism spreading all over the country.If there had not been any nationalistic movement, the Powers would not have wanted to retreat and the moderate course of the Nationalist Government would not have gained the fruites.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2261/2165
ISSN: 05638089


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