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タイトル: 先秦思想史研究一斑 : 孟子仁義説成立考
その他のタイトル: An Aspect of Historical Studies about Pre-Chin Thought, A Trial Study about the Formation of Mencius's Ren-I theory
著者: 澤田, 多喜男
著者(別言語): Sawada, Takio
キーワード: 孟子
発行日: 1982年12月
出版者: 東京大学東洋文化研究所
掲載誌情報: 東洋文化研究所紀要. 90冊, 1982-12, p. 93-128
抄録: Confucius advocated Ren (仁), and Mencius advocated Ren-I (仁義).Why did Mencius emphasize Ren-I (仁義)? In this study I investi-gated some reasons why Mencius's Ren-I theory (仁義説) came out, by considering the cjrcumstances of the world of thought in those days.At that time, Mo-zi (墨子) School insisted on philanthropism, which seemed to neglect family morals.On the other hand, Yang-zhu (楊朱) School insisted on Ego-Centrism, which seemed to neglect the relation of ruler and subject.Mencius regarded the fundamental idea of these two schools as Li (利), that is, the culculation of gains and losses.These two schools, together with Confucian (儒家) School Mencius belonged to, led the world of thought then.Mencius thought that if we acted on the basis of Li (利), the family relationship and the relation of ruler and subject would be impaired and that we would not be able to keep the social order.So, rejecting Li (利), he emphasized that Ren (仁) (the fundamentals of family morals) and I (義) (the fundamentals of morals of ruler and subject) were the most important.It has been said that Mencius laid emphasis on Ren (仁) against Yang-Zhu school, and I (義) against Mo-zi School.I think it is only a con ecture and a mistake.On the contrary, he insisted on Ren (仁) against Mo-zi School and I (義) against Yan-Zhu School.I dealt with these points positively in this study.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2261/2184
ISSN: 05638089
出現カテゴリ:東洋文化研究所紀要
東洋文化研究所紀要

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