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|その他のタイトル: ||The Confirmation and Regrant of Agrāharas in Ancient and Early Medieval India|
|著者: ||山崎, 利男|
|著者(別言語): ||Yamazaki, Toshio|
|掲載誌情報: ||東洋文化研究所紀要. 88冊, 1982-03, p. 45-77|
|抄録: ||From the Gupta period the grant of villages and lands in favour of the brāhmins became frequent.
These grants were usually recorded on the copper plates and the granted villages and lands were called agrāharas.
The grantee brāhmins and their successors had the privilege of permanent enjoyment of the agrāharas subject to royal regulation, such as the sasanasthiti in the Chammak grant of Pravarasena II of the Vākātakas.
However we find several cases of royal confirmation and regrant among the copper plate records from the fourth to the twelfth century.
As notable examples we may mention two regrants made by Bhoja I of the Pratīhāras.
The present writer collected these cases and examined the political circum-stance behind the confirmation and regrant.
One of his observations is as follows: During times of disorder and confusion, such as the fall of a ruler or external aggression, the privileges of many agrāharas were destoroyed and many copper plates were taken away.
After the restoration of political order, new rulers made confirmation of the agrāharas and, in cases of destruction, regranted the agrāharas to the brāhmins and restored their former previleges based up on the evidence derived from the copper plate records.|