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タイトル: サミニスムとラヤット・ラディカリズム
その他のタイトル: Saminism reinterpreted : a study of rakjat radicalism in Java
著者: 白石, 隆
著者(別言語): Shiraishi, Takashi
発行日: 1979年3月
出版者: 東京大学東洋文化研究所
掲載誌情報: 東洋文化研究所紀要. 第77冊, 1979.3, pp. 93-181
抄録: This paper will attempt to interprete and analyse Saminism in Javanese cultural terms as the first step to analyse the rise of rakjat radicalism in Java which formed the popular basis of early Indonesian nationalism in the 1910s and the 1920s.Saminism was a teaching of esoteric knowledge which was first preached by Soerontiko Samin at the turn of the century in Blora and then spread in the mountaneous areas of middle and east Java in the 1910s.It has been regarded as a variant of Javanese abangan tradition or as a remnant of archaic Hindu-Javanese tradition, but in terms of highly Power (kasekten) oriented Javanese cultural tradition it was in effect an effort on the side of the gogol, the upper strata of the village community, to dissociate themselves from the socio-political order dominated by the Dutch and the prijajji and to prepare themselves as kaula of the coming ratu kembar (the twin just kings) to establish the realm of tata tentrem karta rahardja (order-tranquility-prosperity-welfare).In this perspective, the whole movement of Saminists ranging from chanting the Saminist formula to rejecting to pay taxes and perform corvee labour and using ngoko, low-Javanese, to the prijaji can be interpreted as a sign of their Power (kasekten) and their denunciation of the legitimacy of the established Dutch-prijaji order.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2261/2204
ISSN: 05638089


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