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|その他のタイトル: ||On Shên Mieh Lun by Fan Chên|
|著者: ||蜂屋, 邦夫|
|著者(別言語): ||Hachiya, Kunio|
|掲載誌情報: ||東洋文化研究所紀要. 61冊, 1973-03, p. 63-118|
|抄録: ||It is widely known that in time of Six Dynasties in China, when the rule of Ch‘i (齊) was being taken over by Lian (梁), anti-Buddhism thought made a logical development led by Fan Chên(范縝)'s Shênmieh lun (神滅論), a doctrine of mortality of the soul.
This doctrine defies the famous and important principle of Buddhism, San shih yin kuo shuo (三世因果説), which sets retributive sequence through past, present and future.
Fan Chênnecessarily considered that the soul is to perish and not immortal (that is, shênmieh).
So, he had come to take up the position of a materiarism and atheism, to make his name one of the highest peaks among Confucianism-Buddhism-controversies in the history of China.
To him and to his doctrine, general estimations today seem to do justice, but I dare say the stress they are putting on its scientific aspect, its popularity and its political values has been carried too far.
Above considerations suggested me to review Fan Chen's Shênmieh lun without prejudice and re-examine the whole structure of his mind as it was.
I hope this treatise is bringing to light some of his characteristic ideas rightly enough, as well as the reactions and criticisms he invited in his days.|