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タイトル: 獨立前の國民會議派の鑛工業政策と1948年の産業政策に關する聲明 : インドにおける國營鑛工業部門の發展について(1)
その他のタイトル: A Study of the Industrial Policy of the Indian National Congress before and after the Independence, 1947
著者: 古賀, 正則
著者(別言語): Koga, Masanori
キーワード: インド
発行日: 1963年1月
出版者: 東京大学東洋文化研究所
掲載誌情報: 東洋文化研究所紀要. 28冊, 1963-01, p. 169-206
抄録: Recently the problem of state capitalism has been discussed from the various viewpoints.Generally, the state capitalism of the so-called underdeveloped countries is appreciated, because it promotes rapidly the independent development of industry.But does the state capitalism of the underdeveloped countries promote the industry always independently?How should it be estimated in relation to the growth of class conflict?In India, Indian bourgeoisie had grown to a certain extent in the pre-independent days, and has grown rapidly after the independence.We may say their growth has been secured and acceralated by the state capitalism tiself, while some conflicts exist between them.We can't deny the dependence on the imperial countries has been deepen through the financial resources for the public and private sector.This paper is a part of a study on such problems.There were some state enterprises in the pre-independent days, for example railways, irrigation net work, electrical generation and distribution, telephone and telegraph, broad-casting, arm and ammunition, etc.The object of such state enterprises was fundamentally to govern India more efficiently as a colonial state.In the resolution of industrial conference in 1908 and 1911, Indian bourgeoisie already had demanded that the state should initiate to establish the new industries.It was for the first time in the resolution of the annual session of the Congress in 1929 that the industrial policy of independent India was officially taken up by the party.Two years later in Karachi session, it was decided that the national government should own and control the key industries, public utilities, minerals, inlandwater and sea transportation as well as another transportation.National Planning Committee also recommended that the defence, key and public utility should be owned and managed by the state.Various plans, such as Bombay plan, People's plan and Gandhian plan etc., were published from 1944 to 1948.Generally speaking, these plans all admitted the necessity of industrial development and the important role of state enterprises, and demanded the growth of the public sector in industry.But, National Planning Committee's list of industries which ought to be exclusively under the state management has been grievously curtailed, and nationalisation of industries was also postponed after ten years in the Industrial Policy of 1948.It meant that the state was coming into that of industry in which Indian bourgeoisie just did not like to enter because of their poor prospects.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2261/2252
ISSN: 05638089


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