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タイトル: 「土地問題」と土地改革論の展開
その他のタイトル: "Land Problem" and Development of the theory on Land Reform
著者: 川野, 重任
著者(別言語): Kawano, Shigetō
キーワード: 農地改革
発行日: 1962年3月
出版者: 東京大学東洋文化研究所
掲載誌情報: 東洋文化研究所紀要. 27冊, 1962-03, p. 1-51
抄録: So-called Land Reform in capitalist countries has taken place twice since the beginning of the twentieth century, while the necessity of land reform in backward countries has been stressed by advanced countries again in connection with the problem of economic development in backward countries.There are, however, so many obstacles in order to realize land reform.Here, our present study is to trace how both land system and land problem have been discussed in Western Europe and the United States of America where land reform had already lost its top-most importance.Next, the problems of the enforcement formula of land reform and its initiative taken by the authorities concerned will be discussed separately.Main source material which I have utilized here is a survey conducted by the United Nations.Land reform in the sense of re-distribution of land ownership has never been executed in Western Europe and America and it is difficult to find any piece of discussion from this angle.As regards rent theory, it does not invite any serious attention, though the rent theory of the Classical School, laying the foundations of Ricardian Socialism, assumed some significance.The only objective of land policy was to offer stability of tenancy rights to the tenants so as to assure returns of their land investment.It is a matter of fact that both Western Europe and America have been taking active stand on the need of land reform in backward or underdeveloped countries.But, it is rather difficult to understand their very reason as well as their prospect for the future.We may come into contact with the description of its historical course, but fail to find analysis of the subject.A certain technical conditions such as a shortage of capital and experts or objection of landlord were pointed out as a bottleneck of land reform.Salient features of land reform lie in the fact that land reform was put into practice under certain circumstances in spite of these bottlenecks.It will be essential to make a socio-historical analysis so that we may grasp the problem properly.Land reform should be regarded as an expression of the drastic change of social relations and we are not allowed to tackle land reform merely as an economic policy.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2261/2254
ISSN: 05638089


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