UTokyo Repository 東京大学

UTokyo Repository >
132 東洋文化研究所 >
東洋文化研究所紀要 >

このページ(論文)をリンクする場合は次のURLを使用してください: http://hdl.handle.net/2261/2264

タイトル: 土地改革の社会経済的意義 : 東南アジア諸國の場合
その他のタイトル: The Socio-Economic Implications of Land Reform in Southeast Asia
著者: 川野, 重任
著者(別言語): Kawano, Shigetō
キーワード: 農地改革
発行日: 1956年11月
出版者: 東京大学東洋文化研究所
掲載誌情報: 東洋文化研究所紀要. 10冊, 1956-11, p. 527-562
抄録: The two aspects of land reform are the lowering of rents by the government and the redistribution of land on a non-commercial basis.The latter appears to be the important point.Land redistribution has most often been carried out 1) against a background of economic distress following a defeat in war and 2) to answer demands of revolutionaries.In the first case, the moving force has usually been external, and in the latter, internal.All this is at least true of twentieth-century land reforms-witness the reforms in East Europe after the First World War and those in Japan and Southeast Asia after the Second World War.In the present article, the author has examined the process of reform in Formosa, South Vietnam, and India.All three places were colonies until the end of the war and in all of them large landowners, many of them absentee landlords, were dominant.In all instances, the reforms were carried out during the period of postwar confusion.Still, the force and extent of the reforms varied because of the circumstances in which the three areas found themselves.Generally speaking, the reform in Vietnam was the most radical, that in Formosa next, and that in India the most gradual.Aside from helping to maintain political peace and order, the reforms equalized rents and thereby the average income of farmers was raised.Accordingly, food consumption increased among this class, and for that reason the countries involved have had to reduce food exports, especially rice exports.Increased consumption has been the principal change in the economic life of farming communities, but it has had the effect of checking the formation of capital to some extent-a problem that remains to deal with.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2261/2264
ISSN: 05638089


ファイル 記述 サイズフォーマット
ioc01009.pdf2.49 MBAdobe PDF見る/開く
ioc01009a.pdf119.18 kBAdobe PDF見る/開く



Valid XHTML 1.0! DSpace Software Copyright © 2002-2010  Duraspace - ご意見をお寄せください