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|タイトル: ||宗教教團の成立過程 : 天理教の場合|
|その他のタイトル: ||The Study on the Organizing Process of Religions Bodies in Japan : a Case of Tenrikyō|
|著者: ||高木, 宏夫|
|著者(別言語): ||Takagi, Hiro'o|
|掲載誌情報: ||東洋文化研究所紀要. 6冊, 1954-11, p. 265-338|
|抄録: ||Tenrikyō appeared as a by-product of absolutism and gradually deveroped into the present large-scale organization.
The writer aims to solve the prolbem of how the present state became possible.
The adherents of Tenrikyō were governed people in both the feudal and the absolutist ages.
At the time of the Meiji Restoration the people once sought to escape from the unbearably oppressive atmosphere in the “Resignation Dance”(Eejanaika-odori), which was then in vogue throughout the country.
The people's life was miserable under the reign of the Meiji Government, and they were tempted to believe in Tenrikyō , a doctrine of which was to “live a gay life”(Yokigurashi).
The opportunity of conversion was chiefly by illness, for this religion assured them of the ability to cure.
The founder Miki Nakayama (1798～1887), having fallen from the landlord class into the poor, was typical of the common people.
Her doctrines, therefore, generated out of folk beliefs, are composed of beliefs of different kinds.
Such common conditions between the founder and the masses could enable the sect to acquire a great number of followers.
We must note also that the disolution and reorganization of society made possible the appearance of this religion.
That is, the masses who were frustrated because of the disordered state of society sought to appease their frustration by conversion to the faith of Tenrikyō .
The weakened state of society thus benefitted the organization of this religion.|