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タイトル: 中国陝西省北部農村の人間関係形成機構 : <相夥>と<雇>
その他のタイトル: The dynamics of networking in a Chinese rural village
著者: 深尾, 葉子
安冨, 歩
著者(別言語): Fukao, Yoko
Yasutomi, Ayumu
キーワード: 中国
発行日: 2003年12月
出版者: 東京大学東洋文化研究所
掲載誌情報: 東洋文化研究所紀要. 144冊, 2003-12, p. 358-319
抄録: The dynamics of networking in a Chinese rural village on the Loess Plateau is discussed. In our field research, we concentrate our attention on the process of construction of a house, especially ‘Yaodong’ (a traditional cave-style house). Since a lot of labour is needed for house construction, we can observe the method for villagers to mobilize labour not only from the labour market but also through their ‘Guangxi’ network. We find some villagers work with wage, and others work without it in the same scene of house construction. The former is called ‘Gu’ and the leatter ‘Xianghuo’. ‘Gu’ is highly related with the market, and ‘Xianghuo’ is connected to ‘Guangxi’. Villagers strategically adopt these two methods depending on the depth of relationship with others. If a villager's ‘Guangxi’ relationship with another villager is sufficiently deep, the former will work without wage when the latter constructs a house. If not, he will be employed with wage. The depth of ‘Guangxi’ affects on the choice between ‘Gu’ and ‘Xianghuo’, and the latter affects on the former. The society of this village is organized as a network of ‘Guangxi’ between villagers. This organization is similar to that of bazaar in a city of Morocco, reported by C. Geertz. Critically analyzing his model, we propose a model of the dynamics of networking of Chinese people in this rural village.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2261/2311
ISSN: 5638089


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