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タイトル: 1941年兵役延長法の再検討 : 「非常時」における大統領権限に注目して
その他のタイトル: THe Service Extension Act pf 1941 Reconsidered : Focusing on the Presidential Power in "an Emergency Period"
著者: 奥広, 啓太
著者(別言語): Okuhiro, Keita
発行日: 2007年3月
出版者: 東京大学大学院総合文化研究科附属アメリカ太平洋地域研究センター
掲載誌情報: アメリカ太平洋研究. vol.7, March-2007, pp. 109-126
抄録: This paper "reconsiders" the Service Extension Act of 1941, which has been referred to as a symbol of the persistence of isolationism.//The principal aim of the Service Extension Act was to extend the term of service of the selectee, previously set at 12 consecutive months. Because of the military necessity, the Chief of Staff recommended the extension and the President urged it on graounds of the gravity of the danger to the United states. Nevertheless, neither offered specific evidence of the danger.Opponents of the extension maintained that eztending their service was a breach of faith to the selectees, and that the danger was no greater than before.//Bills first introduced authorized the President to extend the service as he may deem necessary. In the face of opposition, however, they were soon replaced by one calling for a congressional declaration of a national emergency as reason for the extension.Fear of unclear effects of such a declaration soon spread and the committee abandoned that plan. As reported to the floor, the bill still authorized the President to extend the term of the service without any compromised to eighteen months. In this way, opponents checked the expansion of presidential power.//Congressional battles before Pearl Harbor should not be dismissed as only debate between isolationists and internationalists. America's "emergency period" still needs to be "reconsidered" from today's point of view.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2261/23602
ISSN: 13462989


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