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タイトル: 「エル・パソ事件」と戦後期プラセロ・プログラムの成立 : 移民統制をめぐる1940年代後半の米墨政府間交渉を中心に
その他のタイトル: "The El Paso Incident" and the Post-WWLL Bracero Program : U.S.-Mexican Negotiations on Immigration Control in the Late 1940s
著者: 戸田山, 祐
著者(別言語): Todayama, Tasuku
発行日: 2008年3月
出版者: 東京大学大学院総合文化研究科附属アメリカ太平洋地域研究センター
掲載誌情報: アメリカ太平洋研究(創立40周年記念号). vol.8, March-2008, pp. 139-150
抄録: This paper investigates the post-WWII extension of the bracero program from a diplomatic perspective and links the bracero program with the U.S.-Mexican negotiations on immigration control during the late 1940s.//Undocumented immigration from Mexico increased rapidly in the mid¬1940s, and both the U.S. and Mexico began to consider it as a threat to their effort on border control. In the autumn of 1948, an unusually large number of Mexican farm workers flocked along the U.S. -Mexican border, causing serious congestion problems. The problem was particularly severe along the Texas-Mexican border since Mexico banned sending its nationals to Texas because of the state’s history of discrimination against Mexicans. After several thousands of Mexican workers gathered along the border near El Paso and entered Texas without authorization, Mexico unilaterally suspended the program.//However, the U. S. State Department and the Mexican Ministry of Foreign Relations feared that the termination of the bracero program would bring further irregularities on the border, and started negotiations right after the incident to develop a new agreement. Since border patrol forces of both countries then lacked resources to protect the border effectively, the control of Mexican migrant workers through a bi-national agreement came to be regarded as the only realistic way to stem the flow of undocumented workers from Mexico to the U. S. The bracero program was continued after the WWII because it was defined by the governments of Mexico and the U. S. as a countermeasure against undocumented immigration
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2261/23624
ISSN: 13462989
出現カテゴリ:アメリカ太平洋研究
アメリカ太平洋研究

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