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タイトル: Retailer Dynamic Pricing Behavior : Their Impacts on Consumer Welfare
著者: Choi, Yun Jeong
発行日: 2005年9月
出版者: 日本経済国際共同センター
抄録: This paper examines retailers' dynamic pricing behavior in a competitive environment, using scanner data on the refrigerated orange juice category. Two factors may result in lower retail prices compared to static optimum prices at category-level profit maximization: (i) retailers' use of a loss leader strategy for national brands to attract more consumers, and (ii) retailers' desire to maximize store brand sales as well as category-level profit. Overall, demand volatility and the presence of store brands cause retailers to lower retail prices, thus enhancing consumer welfare. Meanwhile, during two exogenous (unfavorable) cost shock periods, the gaps between observed retail prices and static optimum prices increased. This paper suggests that retailers exhibit unique pricing behavior in the presence of store brands as well as demand and cost volatility. To avoid misinterpreting the degree of industry competition, the retailers' role in pricing should be fully understood.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2261/2642
その他の識別子: CIRJE-F-367
出現カテゴリ:Discussion Paper F series (in English)
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