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タイトル: 騒音が児童生徒の創造性に及ぼす影響に関する実験的研究
その他のタイトル: An Experimental Study on the Influence of Noise upon the Creativity of School Children
著者: 柴若, 光昭
著者(別言語): Shibawaka, Teruaki
発行日: 1977年3月30日
出版者: 東京大学教育学部
掲載誌情報: 東京大学教育学部紀要. 16巻, 1977.3, p.395-403
抄録: Studies have been conducted to analyze the influence of noise upon human intellectual tasks. However, studies on its influence upon human creative thought are very few in number except the paper of S. Takuma and S. Harukawa (1969), in spite of the emerging importance of creative ability in the fields of education. This study purports to clarify some of the fundamental facts concerning the influence of noise upon human creativity. The specific purpose of this study is to examine the following questions: 1. How dees noise influence the creativity of the subjects measured by the creativity test as a whole? 2. How does its influence vary according to the difference in creativity factors i. e., fluency, flexibility, originality and elaboration? 3. How does it change in relation to the difference of noise levels? 4. How does it interrelate to physical and mental developmental stages for instance, to age levels? The experiments were conducted at an elementary school and two lower secondary schools in Niigata Prefecture and Tokyo Metropolis in the period from February to October, 1972. Creativity Test (S-A Creativity Test, "O" type originally designed by J. P. Guilford) was conducted in 3 groups i. e., control group under no noise exposure, and groups under 70 dBA and 80 dBA noises. The noises employed as stimuli in the experiments were 2 KHz bandnoise generated by a noise field generator and its reproduction. The subjects were 215 male and 183 female pupils ranging from 9 to 15 years old. The findings are as follows: 1. The noise (2 KHz bandnoise) had accelerating effects upon creativity as a whole. 2. The effect was uniformly accelerating regardless of creativity factors. 3. The effect of 80 dBA noise upon creativity was more accelerating compared with that of 70 dBA noise. 4. The noise had a more accelerating effect on the younger subjects.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2261/354
ISSN: 04957849


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