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タイトル: 教育委員会制度はなぜ「安定」したのか : 新制度論アプローチによる首長・議会の合理的選択仮説
その他のタイトル: Why Has the Eeducation Board System Stabilized ? : The Hypothesis of Rational Choice of the Governor, the Mayor and the Local Assembly by the New Institutionalism
著者: 村上, 祐介
著者(別言語): MURAKAMI, Yusuke
発行日: 2003年3月
出版者: 東京大学大学院教育学研究科教育行政学研究室
掲載誌情報: 東京大学大学院教育学研究科教育行政学研究室紀要. 22号, 2003.3, pp. 86-95
抄録: This study is intended to present theoretical hypothesis why the education board system has stabilized. The most commonly accepted view is that the intention of the Ministry of Education, because it is able to control the board of education. This opinion also said that the governor, the mayor and the local assembly could not concern about education. This viewpoint, however, cannot explain why they had power when the law concerning the organization and functions of local educational administration was enacted. To solve this problem, this article presents this hypothesis ; the reason why the education board system has stabilized is the rational choice of the governor, the mayor and the local assembly. The hypothesis uses the theory of transaction cost approach and path dependence. Transaction costs consists of four costs, legislative decision-making costs, commit problem, agency costs, the cost of uncertainty. The governor and the mayor and the local assembly, act to minimize the sum of transaction costs. Under the circumstance of the politics of education in Japan by the middle of 1990's, they chose to exist the education board system, which was independent of general administration. They delegate educational administration to the education board and didn't commit by themselves. In addition, path dependence makes more difficult to change the system. However, they have insisted on disuse of the education board system since a few years ago. This is because the environment, cold war and the conflict of the Ministry of Education versus the Japan teachers’ union, has changed.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2261/36786
ISSN: 13421980
出現カテゴリ:東京大学大学院教育学研究科教育行政学研究室紀要
東京大学大学院教育学研究科教育行政学研究室紀要

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