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タイトル: 虚構的行為を伴うあそびに関する理論的諸問題
その他のタイトル: Theoretical Problems Concerning Play Involving Imaginative Act
著者: 加用, 文男
著者(別言語): KAYO, Fumio
発行日: 1979年2月1日
出版者: 東京大学教育学部
掲載誌情報: 東京大学教育学部紀要. 18巻, 1979.2, p.201-210
抄録: The aim of this paper is to clarify the problems of some typical views and methods of psychological study concerning play involving imaginative act and present the subject for further study. To obtain the basic view-point for evaluating the previous views and method, some contemporary arguments on preschool pedagogy in Japan are reviewed at first. And through that work, the necessity of the theory and method which allow analysis of the creative character of the group play was presented. Mainly examined are (1) views of behavioristic psychologists centering around Schlosberg (2) views of perceptual undifferenciation theory represented by Koffka and Werner (3) views of psychoanalysts (4) The theory of Piaget (5) The theory of Leontief and Elikonin and some other experimental studies. The previous views so far comprehend play involving imaginative act as the expression or reappearance of certain matters and activities, and so the analysing method so far has been that of signifier-signifie method. Therefore, it was proved in this paper; first, the process of appearance of imaginative act was so far limitedly grasped either as purely individual or as the process directed to the supposed adult world. Second, previous theories are driven to face the paradox unsolvable in the frame of signifier-signifie. Third, those acts whose signifies are difficult to find, but, are significant concerning the creativity of group play, such as planning of the group play, deviation from the plan and rule, protests and instruction to other children's acts, and creative group acts, couldn't have been rightly placed as the object of analysis. Finally, two subjects for further studies are presented. One is the theoretical study toward the creation of the activity theory which can comprehend the creativity in group play. The other is the study of the behavior at play stated above as unexamind.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2261/378
ISSN: 04957849


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