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タイトル: アメリカにおける教育統制の基本性格
その他のタイトル: The Basic Character of the Public Control of Education in the United States
著者: 神山, 正弘
著者(別言語): Kamiyama, Masahiro
発行日: 1979年2月1日
出版者: 東京大学教育学部
掲載誌情報: 東京大学教育学部紀要. 18巻, 1979.2, p.235-244
抄録: This study aims to investigate the basic character of the public control of education in the United States. The problem of the public control of education system has been crucial in modern society. In the United States, at the turn of the 20th century, with the municipal corporations, school government was also reorganized. The State gradually controlled the educational policy, so, the local autonomy was weakened. By the enactment of the Tenth Amendment to the Federal Constitution each States was left to establish its educational system as they desired. In the course of events, one of the administrative principle, the professional leadership and layman control, was established and seen as democratic. But as Progressives pointed, it was not democratic in origin. Essentially its function was conservative in the practice of the school administration. For it excluded the lower class participation and surpressed the teachers' freedom on enducation. In Japan, especially in post-war time, it was seen as the democratic theory and practice, but it is critically summarized. This study is to be the first step of that work.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2261/381
ISSN: 04957849


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