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タイトル: 博物館(総合・美術)活動の実態
その他のタイトル: Survey Report on the General and Art Museums in Japan
著者: 鈴木, 眞理
常盤, 繁
著者(別言語): Suzuki, Makoto
Tokiwa, Shigeru
発行日: 1981年2月20日
出版者: 東京大学教育学部
掲載誌情報: 東京大学教育学部紀要. 20巻, 1981.2, p.173-212
抄録: 362 general and art museums (134 public and 228 private) were surveyed throughout Japan by way of sending out questionnaire and partly paying visits. Roughly half of the questionnaires sent were turned in by June 1979 (70.1% for the public and 36.4% for the private). For this survey we intended to find out the condition at the start, the revenue and expenditure, staffing, collections, exhibition programs, cultural and educational activities, public relations, attached libraries, and subsidies and supports given to the artists. Some of the findings were: 1) The wide diversity was found out among the museums surveyed in terms of the size of facilities, the level of programs offered, and so on. Averagely speaking, the size of the museums is getting smaller according to the order of prefecture, city, town and village. 2) Majority of the museums surveyed spend major part of their budget for personnel and administrative expenses, and very little for cultural and research activities. 3) Professional staffs vary in average number from 0.2 in the town and village art museums to 9.8 in the prefectural general museums, and are felt in many institutions quite insufficient to perform their functions. 4) Collections were more acquired by donations than by purchase, and many institutions are badly in need of more funds for purchasing art objects 5) Only half of the museums surveyed have attached libraries, many of which hold very small collections and are rendering poor services. 6) Special exhibitions were held from 3 to 5 times a year in average at the prefectural and municipal museums. Some of the large public institutions have exhibition space for voluntary artists group to carry on their own programs. 7) Generally, educational programs and subsidies to the artists are not offered extensively.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2261/406
ISSN: 04957849


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