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タイトル: 幼児の内発的動機づけに及ぼす外的報酬の影響
その他のタイトル: The effects of extrinsic rewards on children's intrinsic motivation
著者: 大槻, 千秋
著者(別言語): Otsuki, Chiaki
発行日: 1981年2月20日
出版者: 東京大学教育学部
掲載誌情報: 東京大学教育学部紀要. 20巻, 1981.2, p.335-342
抄録: An experiment was conducted with preschool children to test whether a person's intrinsic motivation in an activity may be decreased by extrinsic salient rewards in Japan like in America. Children solved some jigsaw puzzles and received assorted candies, then they were observed how long they did other jigsaw puzzles. The results showed that the effects of extrinsic rewards on intrinsic motivation in an activity varied with the subject's social background. In uptown children's intrinsic motivation in the puzzles was decreased by candies as extrinsic rewards. While in downtown children's intrinsic motivation was not decreased by the same rewards as used in uptown. In downtown the rewards seemed to increase children's intrinsic motivation. Uptown children were given tangible rewards more frequently by their mothers than downtown children. But the reason why the effects of extrinsic rewards varied thus is remained unsolved.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2261/417
ISSN: 04957849


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