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タイトル: 精製土器と粗製土器 : 胎土からの検討
その他のタイトル: Jomon Pottery, Fine and Coarse : an analysis in texture
著者: 西田, 泰民
著者(別言語): Nishida, Yastami
発行日: 1984年10月30日
出版者: 東京大学文学部考古学研究室
掲載誌情報: 東京大学文学部考古学研究室研究紀要. 第3号, 1984.10, pp. 1-25
抄録: As in many other prehistoric and primitive ceramics, Jomon pottery has two categories, coarse ware and fine ware, the former poorly decorated and the latter well decorated and finely finished. Vessel shapes of the coarse wares are often restricted to simple shaped jars, though the fine wares have a lot of variation in forms. The reason for this difference has been explained as difference in usage, that the fine wares were used only by special occasions such as feasts or rituals, while the coarse wares were used domestically. The small quantity of presence of fine wares from archaeological sites seems to support this explanation, but there are still quite many questions to be answered; Why the coarse wares had slow change in style though they must have been produced from time to time in large quantity, how the presence of so called "semifine" wares be explained, how they actually were used by such special occasions. And also few studies has been made concerning how these wares were produced, whether they were supplied by more than one pot-making settlements or both of them were made at each settlement. Ethnographic data and archaeological studies show that potters often change tempering materials and clays both in quality and in quantity according to vessel function. Through petrographic analysis, an attempt was made to see if Jomon potters used different pastes to make these wares. The samples are from Giombara shellmidden, Chiba prefecture. 41 fine ware sherds and 59 coarse ware sherds of Kasori-B type, late Jomon period, were selected (Fig. 1-4) for analysis. As little difference was noticed as to non-plastic in-clusions, grain size analysis was applied. The counting results are shown in Table 1-2. The average of the ratio of coarse sand to total amount of sand included in the fine wares was higher than that of the coarse wares. The fact that the ratio of coarse sand to total sand had stronger correlation with total sand amount by the fine wares also imply the usage of coarser sand temper for fine ware manufacture. According to ethnographic data, water vessels and cooking wares are often tempered with rough materials, but as Jomon fine wares have many vessel forms, the idea that the fine wares were water jars and cooking vessels, and the coarse wares played the other roles cannot be accepted. Possible explanation would be; 1) that there were more than one pottery making settlements, and those wares were supplied from different places, 2) that there were two tradition of pottery making within the settlement, 3) that potters used different clays or tempers for those pottery, for reason unknown. The petrological study of provenance, but technological pottery has been stressed on the and functional points of view also assumption have to be of the pottery considered.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2261/4368
ISSN: 02873850


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