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タイトル: 中国における国・公立大学授業料政策の変容
その他のタイトル: Transformation of Tuition Fee System of Public Universities in China
著者: 徐, 国興
著者(別言語): Xu, Guoxing
発行日: 2004年3月10日
出版者: 東京大学大学院教育学研究科
掲載誌情報: 東京大学大学院教育学研究科紀要. 43巻, 2004.3, pp. 99-108
抄録: Tuition fees of public universities are greatly increasing in recent years in China. Many researchers have made an attempt to examine the effects of rising fee on students'enrollment behavior. However, there is no systematic analysis of the causes of fee increase, and the causal relations between the fee rising and the expansion of higher education. This paper will focus on the following four points: (1) the history of university fees, (2) the present situation of tuition fees, (3) the mechanism responsible for the fee rising, (4) the relation between the rising of fees and the higher education expansion. The findings of this article are as follows: (1) The transformation of fee system is not from free-fee one to high-fee one directly, but through several transitive phases in which various fee policies were experimented by the central government. (2) The present standard of tuition fee is very high. Fee average is up to 5000 yuan every year. And the amount of fee collected by different institutions varies greatly according to university and department's prestige. (3) Each institution of higher education played an important role in the process of fee rising. The central government changed the fee policies, which gave each institution an arbitrary power to decide its fee level and how to spend it partly. (4) Consequently, the fee rising in public universities gave an incentive to every institution and directly promoted the expansion of the higher education.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2261/4480
ISSN: 13421050


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