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タイトル: 子どもの飛び出し行動に関する研究
その他のタイトル: A Study on "Dashing-out" Behavior of Children
著者: 柴若, 光昭
家田, 重晴
高橋, 浩之
西岡, 伸紀
岡島, 佳樹
渡辺, 正樹
著者(別言語): Shibawaka, Teruaki
Ieda, Shigeharu
Takahashi, Hiroyuki
Nishioka, Nobuki
Okajima, Yoshiki
Watanabe, Masaki
発行日: 1985年2月28日
出版者: 東京大学教育学部
掲載誌情報: 東京大学教育学部紀要. 24巻, 1985.2, p.165-180
抄録: In the present study it is attempted to measure the safety behavior of the children in the situation where "dashing-out" is likely to occur. The "dashing-out" situations were simulated in the playground of a nursery, a kindergarten and an elementary school, and the behavior of each child in the situation was recorded by video tape recorders. Subjects were the children at the age from 3 to 10. The main components of the measurement procedure were as follows: 1. Two screens (3.6m by 1.8m) are set in a line with 1.0m space in between. 2. A motorcycle runs behind the screens. 3. In front of the screens a child with his or her back to the screens plays catch with the experimenter. Before playing catch, the experimenter warns the child that a motorcycle is running behind the screens. 4. After the motorcycle has stopped running, the experimenter throws the ball high above the child as if he misthrew. 5. The ball goes through the space between the screens and child goes through that space to take the ball. The child's behavior at that time is recorded. The main results were as follows: 1. When the definition of safety behavior is that the child decreases the running (or walking) speed at the space and looks at the right and/or left side there, the rates of children who showed safety behavior increased in proportion to the age level. 2. There was no significant difference between the rates of the boys and the girls who showed safety behavior at almost all the age levels.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2261/488
ISSN: 04957849
出現カテゴリ:東京大学教育学部紀要
東京大学教育学部紀要

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