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タイトル: ジャマイカ宗教史におけるアフリカの記憶とエスニシティ
その他のタイトル: Memory of Africa and Ethnicity in the Religious History of Jamaica
著者: 上間, 励起
著者(別言語): Uema, Reiki
発行日: 2011年3月31日
出版者: 東京大学文学部宗教学研究室
掲載誌情報: 東京大学宗教学年報. XXVIII, 2011.3.31, pp. 139-157
抄録: The aim of this article is to demonstrate how African Jamaicans (slaves or former slaves) retained their religion, and then how memory of Africa and ethnicity as an African functioned and was interpreted. From the fifteenth century to nineteenth century, many Africans were lead away from West Africa to the New World by the slave trade. Jamaican slaves brought their African religious culture into the New World, but it was too difficult to maintain its pureness. Various cultures, customs, and beliefs were mixed on the plantations, so that a new common cosmology of Jamaican slaves was created. When the slaves were emancipated, they were confronted with difficulties concerning their identity as a Jamaican. They sought their ethnical origin from the Bible which they could only have; Ethiopian history, which is written in the Bible, was the most important part for them. As a result, they gradually identified themselves as Ethiopian although almost of their ancestors were from West Africa. On the contrary, middle-class Jamaicans accepted English culture uncritically so as to obliviate their African heritage. Hence, there were two cultures, one middle-class and the other lower class, in Jamaica until its independenceint 1962. Identity as being Ethiopian, which was created by the Jamaican lower classes, could not exist without Christianity. Their cosmology lay in the world view of Christianity. Ensuing movements such as Rastafarianism inherit this tradition.
内容記述: 論文/Articles
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2261/49317
ISSN: 02896400


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