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タイトル: 共感と他者理解
その他のタイトル: Empathy and Understanding the Other Person
著者: 守屋, 淳
著者(別言語): Moriya, Jun
発行日: 1985年2月28日
出版者: 東京大学教育学部
掲載誌情報: 東京大学教育学部紀要. 24巻, 1985.2, p.277-286
抄録: This article attempts to clarify the phenomenon of empathy, taking our 'lived experience' as its base. Some suggestions concerning its relation to understanding the other person are also given. In Chapter I, some of the significant studies of empathy (or sympathy) in philosophy and psy- chology are reviewed, and our everyday usage of the term 'empathy' is examined. Through these examinations, empathy is provisionally denned as 'to live the identical world with the other person in an affective experience'. In Chapter I, the meaning of the 'identity' in the above definition is explicated. The 'identity' here means the identity of the kernel' of our lived experience accompanied with some different implicit horizons. In Chapter I, in order to make explicit the lived phase of the identity, the traditional view of self and other-that is, the view in the subject-object scheme-is critically rejected. Only in the state of fusion of self and other, can both live the identical world. In Chapter W, the attitude under which a deep empathy could occur is clarified. And how the experience of empathy transforms the experiencer's world is also discussed. Finally, in Chapter V, the great significance of empathy, as one 'of the ways of understanding the other person, is emphatically pointed out.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2261/496
ISSN: 04957849


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