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タイトル: 幼児初期の仲間関係の発達 : 18ヵ月時の観察資料の分析
その他のタイトル: Development of Peer Relationship among Toddlers : An Analysis of the Observations at 18 Months Old
著者: 武井, 澄江
平, 直樹
著者(別言語): Takei, Sumie
Taira, Naoki
発行日: 1986年3月10日
出版者: 東京大学教育学部
掲載誌情報: 東京大学教育学部紀要. 25巻, 1986.3, p.51-76
抄録: The importance of the peer relationship has been discussed since 1970's, as a part of the development of the infants' social skills to interact with others, which had been almost disregarded for the past 30years. While a great amount of evidence has been provided to support the fact that young infants such as toddlers do interact with peers, some new issues have been coming up. One of them is what condition can facilitate their interaction. In particular, we have received several different points on the role of toys in the interaction of toddlers. We undertook an observational study of young infants to focus on this point. 16 home fostered subjectsin 8pairs at the ages of 18, 21 and 24 months old were observed in the 3 different toy conditions (with no toys, portable toys and non-portable toys) in the playroom free-play situation in 1985-6. Each infant has a same-sex, same-age, unfamiliar peer as its partner. The present paper is our first report of this project. We analysed a part of 18 months olds' data. These were the time-sampled data of the toddlers' peer-oriented behaviors and the minute note records of their interactions. The conditional effects to their behaviors and interactions, especially to their intentions to initiate interactions, were discussed.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2261/501
ISSN: 04957849


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