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タイトル: Network of knowledge generation and Transfer in Sustainability : Toward an inclusive system discovery approach
著者: Tensay, Abebe Tiga
著者(別言語): テンサイ, アベベ チガ
キーワード: Centralization
structural hole
social capital
発行日: 2011年9月27日
抄録: The significance of knowledge and information, and innovation is often said to be premium, and its transfer is vital in a sustainability transformation proces. However, knowledge generation and transfer are underutilized in urban agriculture knowledge and information system due to lack of collaboration of relevant stakeholders, and poor understanding of urban agriculture. Nevertheless, the social capital in rural agriculture knowledge and information system would most likely define structural hole in urban agriculture knowledge and transfer system, and used to construct an inclusive system or model. This research focuses on research, university and (municipal) government pattern of collaboration in agriculture systems in Ethiopia. Apart from the social network analysis software, this research integrates concepts of agriculture innovation system, agriculture knowledge and information system, and soft system methodology. It includes bibliometric analysis, organizational network, and practical case study. The research uses an arc/edge network model, a one mode network model, a process and role-based modeling approach, and a multiple mode network model. Individual/separate analysis in urban agriculture and rural agriculture knowledge system shows that both systems are embded with socio-ecological and socio-economical knowledge that ensures availability of knowledge of sustainability. Addis Ababa and Haramaya universities have the largest proportion of knowledge in urban and rural knowledge and information systems respectively. The bibliometeric joint analysis result shows that the agriculture knowledge and information system involves common vertices of universities and research institutes that show the possibility of important knowledge transfer and inter-exchangeabilty between the two systems. Unlike rural agriculture knowledge and information system, urban agriculture lacks sustainability of knowledge approach that ensures the possibility that the knowledge is shared and applied, however. The organizational network in rural agriculture knowledge and information system, in this case, is found as a sink for knowledge and innovation and it avoids the "source-sink interface". In other words, farmers, the actual users, and expertise have strong linkage in the chain of production scale up/out, for instance soybean technology scaling up/out process in this case. The network affects not only farmers'involvement and gender mainstreaming but also influences technological choice and appropriate cropping and farming system towards sustainability. Hence, maize-based mono-cropping is changed to soybean-based (multiple) rotational farming system. The research develops a new model of an inclusive system. Therefore, a paradigm shift towards multifunctional collaboration within an integrated system is an event/occurrence to embark upon a sustainable agriculture development. This research proposes such a system that includes all relevant vertices and other stakeholders which enhance connectivity, increase diversity of veritices and thier compostion, also increase areas of collaboration and working environment. This requires integration and co-ordination through changing status quo in organizational culture, establishing a continuous feedback loop, and reinforcing entrepreneurship.
内容記述: 報告番号: ; 学位授与年月日: 2011-09-27 ; 学位の種別: 修士 ; 学位の種類: 修士(サステイナビリティ学) ; 学位記番号: 修創域第4098号 ; 研究科・専攻: 新領域創成科学研究科環境学研究系サステイナビリティ学教育プログラム
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2261/50535
出現カテゴリ:025 修士論文
1223825 修士論文(サスティナビリティ学)


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