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タイトル: Apparent Motion of the Runway Sidelines as a Visual Cue to Flare Timing : An Investigation through Full Flight Simulator Experiments
著者: Entzinger, Jorg O.
Suzuki, Shinji
著者(別言語): Entzinger, Jorg Onno
エントジンガー, ヨルグ オノ
鈴木, 真二
キーワード: Visual cues
Airplane landing
Human pilot
Flare control
Perception
Flight simulation
Time-to-contact
Runway shape
発行日: 2011年
出版者: Fourteenth Australian International Aerospace Congress
掲載誌情報: 14th Australian Aeronautical Conference., 2011
抄録: A series of experiments were carried out in Level D certified Full Flight Simulators of Boeing 767-type aircraft to analyse the human pilot's visual information usage and decision making in the final phase of the approach to landing. Based on earlier stages of this research, we hypothesized that the motion of the runway sidelines provides experienced pilots with an important visual cue to time the flare manoeuvre. Four veteran pilots from two different airlines took part in the experiments and additionally one junior pilot (co-pilot rank) was evaluated for comparison. By varying wind conditions and aircraft gross weight, a variety of nominal approach sink rates were achieved, while maintaining the visual scene geometry pertaining to the 3° descent path common in civil aviation. Our results refute the common belief that the flare is initiated at a certain altitude, and our hypothesis compared favourably to the time-to-contact (tau-margin) hypothesis.
内容記述: 14th Australian Aeronautical Conference, Melbourne, Australia, 28 Feb - 3 Mar 2011
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2261/50578
出現カテゴリ:052 会議発表論文
1131850 学会・会議等発表資料

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