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タイトル: クリシェと外部の問題 : 分身のスタイル学に向けて
その他のタイトル: Clichés and the Outside
著者: 藤井, 光
著者(別言語): Fujii, Hikaru
発行日: 2009年3月30日
出版者: 現代文芸論研究室
掲載誌情報: れにくさ. 第1号, 2009.3.30, pp. 121-142
抄録: Introducing something "new" always involves a struggle with the reign of cliché, a problem which constantly confronts contemporary fiction. Steven Millhauser's story, "Kaspar Hauser Speaks," shows some of clichés'products -- the speaker's subjectivity, a visible space where s/he is recognized, and fascination with the "outside." These insights are shared and explored in different ways in contemporary American novels like The Virgin Suicides by Jeffrey Eugenides, Going Native by Stephen Wright, and Richard Powers'Prisoner's Dilemma. In Eugenides, the anonymous narrators, "we," reconstruct their high school days in the 1970s using familiar cultural images and conventional narrative styles. The narrators obsessively describe the enigmatic Lisbon sisters as the unreachable "outside," but this sense of otherness is only a construct of the clichés "we" deploy. The "outside" ultimately belongs to the nostalgic cliché-world where the narrators immerse themselves. Wright's style, on the other hand, condenses clichés that define the characters'everyday lives in the American suburb in order to extract a sense of the unbearable from them. Wylie Jones, the protagonist, tries to break out of his banal life by going "on the road," yet another cliché in American culture. Jones is eventually stranded on the California coast, his whole life seized by clichés -- for him, the national myth of the "outside" no longer works. Unlike Eugenides'cliché-world or Wright's somber conclusion, Powers offers a different idea of the "outside" -- it is an undiscovered or unpracticed function inherent in clichés themselves. In the story of the Hobson family, the ordinary clichés that characterize the family's post-WWII life are re-directed to produce a different mode of self, community, and time. Taken together, these novels point to the principle of re-organization of clichés which enables the unforeseen "outside" or the new to emerge.
内容記述: 論文
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2261/51928


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