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タイトル: 自然カテゴリーに関する変数の関係について
その他のタイトル: On the Relationships among Variables of Natural Categories
著者: 改田, 明子
著者(別言語): Kaida, Akiko
発行日: 1987年2月10日
出版者: 東京大学教育学部
掲載誌情報: 東京大学教育学部紀要. 26巻, 1987.2, p.227-234
抄録: Four variables (typicality, family resemblance, familiarity, and associative frequency) were measured for examples of natural categories. According to Rosch, typicality is the measure of goodness-of-example rated by subjects, and family resemblance reflects the degree of having attributes common within the category. Eight categories were selected for this study : mushi (insect), tori (bird), doubutu (animal), yasai (vegitable), norimono (vehicle), dougu (tool), kagu (furniture), and kudamono (fruit), and 50-55 examples were chosen for each category from the association list of National Language Research Institute (1981). Correlations and partial-correlations among the four variables were calculated, and their causal relation was inferred. Aa a result, it was suggested that family resemblance determines typicality, and both typicality and familiarity determine associative frequency.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2261/526
ISSN: 04957849


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