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タイトル: 神代の余風 : 北畠親房の祭政一致論をめぐって
その他のタイトル: A Breeze from Paradise : on the Saisei Itchi Theory of Kitabatake Chikafusa
著者: 齋藤, 公太
著者(別言語): Saito, Kota
発行日: 2012年3月31日
出版者: 東京大学文学部宗教学研究室
掲載誌情報: 東京大学宗教学年報. XXIX, 2012.3.31, pp. 49-67
抄録: The idea of "Saisei Itchi," which refers to the unity of religious rites and government as the tradition of Japanese state, was one of the basic concepts of State Shinto and the Meiji Restoration. The idea had been developed through discussions among thinkers in the Edo period and their claims were originally based on the discourse of Kitabatake Chikafusa (1293-1354), a 14th-century court noble and the virtual leader of the South Court. This paper explores the original meaning of Saisei Itchi in the context of Chikafusa's thought. There had existed political institutions in conjunction with religious rites for deties in ancient Japan as well as medieval discourses on that tradition before Chikafusa, but he was the first person who clearly articulated it as "Saisei Itchi." A description of Saisei Itchi is found in Chikafusa's two main works, Jinnō shōtōki and Shokugenshō. He depicted "Saisei Itchi" here as a service of descendants of Amenokoyane, the regency of the Emperor and the ancestor of the Nakatomi (Fujiwara) clan, for the Emperor and Amaterasu (the Sun Goddess) in antiquity because he believed that the Emperor was unified with Amaterasu until when the divine mirror was brought out of the court by the order of Emperor Sujin, and thus government and relgious rites for Amaterasu were unified during that time. In short, for Chikafusa, Saisei Itchi was a mere ancient institution administered only by the descendants of Amenokoyane. On the other hand, Chikafusa's Shinto thought could also be regarded as an idealistic Saisei Itchi theory in that it equates the essence of religion with the norms of government. Saisei Itchi, according to Chikafusa, was universally practiced by all people from the Emperor to the ordinary person even after antiquity. However, this universal Saisei Itchi theory was redefined by the ancient institutional one because Chikafusa idealized the aristocracy interpreting the ancient Saisei Itchi as a prelude to it. In this way, the Saisei Itchi theory of Chikafusa included conflicting elements, but they were finally integrated with his intention to subvert the military government and reconstruct the aristocracy. Largely shaped by the political situation of the Edo period, these elements would be interpreted differently by early modern scholars such as the advocates of Suika Shinto.
内容記述: 論文/Articles
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2261/53384
ISSN: 02896400


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