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タイトル: 近代日本における学歴主義の制度化過程の研究 : 篠山鳳鳴義塾を事例として
その他のタイトル: Institutionalization of Educational Credentialism in Modern Japan--A Case Study of the Homei Gijuku
著者: 天野, 郁夫
吉田, 文
志水, 宏吉
著者(別言語): Amano, Ikuo
Yoshida, Aya
Shimizu, Kokichi
発行日: 1988年2月10日
出版者: 東京大学教育学部
掲載誌情報: 東京大学教育学部紀要. 27巻, 1988.2, p.23-50
抄録: The main focus of this paper is on clarifying the interrelationship between "institutionalization" of educational credentialism and the "systematization" of secondary education in modern Japan, taking the case of a local private school in Tanba area, named Homei Gijuku. The Homei, founded in 1886,was one of the few secondary schools which inherited the ideal of Japanese traditional education of moral culture or character formation. It was organized taking the model of western modern schools, as other secondary schools. However, its aim of education was quite different from other secondary schools which overemphasized intellectual training. The Homei had an unique school culture including curriculum which emphasized the importance of Chinese classics, and various extra-curricular activities. In the middle of the 1880s, the government started to make serious efforts to institutionalize the educational credentialism in the areas of education, administration, military, and professions. And the efforts had a strong influence on education, especially secondary education, which was in a state of chaos. Especially, the national examination systems for higher civil servants and professionals, granting various kinds of priviledges to the diploma holders from the officially approved (mostly public) schools, played an important role in promoting the systematization of secondary education. And such the unique, idealistic traditional schools as the Homei could not stand out of this tide of "systematization" In tracing the process of changes of (1) school organization, (2) school culture, (3) student life, and (4) social functions of the Homei, we will throw light upon the hidden correlationship between the "systematization" of secondary education and the "institutionalization" of educational credentialism in Japanese society.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2261/535
ISSN: 04957849
出現カテゴリ:東京大学教育学部紀要
東京大学教育学部紀要

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