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タイトル: On Clausal Comparison in Japanese and Relativization of Semi-lexical Nominals
著者: Inada, Shun'ichiro
キーワード: clausal comparatives
relativization
semi-lexical nominals
monotonicity
発行日: 2010年9月
出版者: Tokyo University English Linguistics Association
掲載誌情報: Linguistic research : working papers in English linguistics. No.26, 2010.9, pp. 11-38
抄録: This paper investigates the syntax and semantics of the clausal comparatives in Japanese. It is argued that the apparent clausal comparatives in Japanese must be (re-)analyzed as a phrasal comparative which is derived via relativization. We observe, however, that the clausal standard of comparison in Japanese does not always involve a variable of type e. Thus, I propose a hidden relative clause structure of the clausal comparatives in Japanese with a covert semi-lexical nominal Head. The gap of the raised semi-lexical nominal Head within the clausal standard is not interpreted as the variable of the type e because, despite its nominal property, it only denotes a quantity or a degree. On the basis of the syntax and semantics of numeral quantifiers, I claim the (covert) semi-lexical Heads are restricted to the two types: (i) kazu ‘number’ or ryoo ‘amount’ for the comparison of quantity, and (ii) teido ‘degree’ for the comparison of deviation.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2261/54877
出現カテゴリ:Linguistic research : working papers in English linguistics
Linguistic research : working papers in English linguistics

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