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タイトル: Biological effects of low concentrations of tributyltin on the caprellid amphipod Caprella danilevskii
著者: Ohji, Madoka
Arai, Takaomi
Miyazaki, Nobuyuki
キーワード: tributyltin
caprellid
sex ratio
survival rate
growth rate
reproduction
morphological alterations
発行日: 2004年4月30日
出版者: International Coastal Research Center, Ocean Research Institute, the University of Tokyo
掲載誌情報: Coastal marine science. Vol.29No.1, 2004.4, pp. 13-27
抄録: In order to examine the biological effects of tributyltin (TBT), experiments involving the exposure of 5 levels of TBT concentrations (0, 10, 100, 1000 and 10000 ngl^<-1>) were conducted on the caprellid amphipod Caprella danilevskii, both over a generation after hatching (50 days) and embryonic stage (5 days). In TBT exposure after hatching, marked delays in growth and molting during the early developmental stage and mature stage were found in both 100 and 1000ng TBTCll^<-1> concentrations in spite of the sex. All specimens died in 10000 ng TBTCll^<-1> within 4 days after hatching. Inhibition of maturation and reproduction such as delaying in the achievement of maturity and a decrease in the number of juveniles hatched was apparent in 10 and 100ng TBTCll^<-1> concentrations. Furthermore, brood loss, and failure in egg formation and hatching were observed as the TBT concentration became higher. No significant changes in sex ratio were seen in response to TBT exposure after hatching. A drastic decrease in survival rate was observed at 10ng TBTCll^<-1> which corresponds to the mean level in coastal waters. In embryonic exposure, although the female proportion was 36% of the total in the control, its proportion increased up to 80% at 100 and 1000ngl^<-1> in the hatched juvenile. All specimens died in 10000 ngTBTCll^<-1> within 5 days after spawning due to the acute toxic concentration for the species. No significant differences were observed to occur in the sex ratio in response to the exposure after hatching (50 days) in a previous study. Sex disturbance might therefore be induced during the embryonic stage in the caprellid. Reproductive inhibitions such as brood loss and oogenesis inhibition occurred even at 10-100 ng TBTCll^<-1> exposures in the short-term period in both parental females and their offspring females. The embryo survival rate in the offspring decreased drastically as the TBT concentrations increased, with the decrease being observed at TBT concentrations as low as 10ngl^<-1> during 5 days. In parental females, the survival rate also decreased at more than 100ng TBTC ll^<-1>, despite transfer into the no TBT-added seawater after 5 days. Therefore, our data suggest that nanogram concentrations TBT exposure, both short- and long-term, in the coastal environment might critically damage the life history characters of caprellids, and may influence populations of C. danilevskii in the coastal ecosystem.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2261/5578
ISSN: 13493000
出現カテゴリ:Coastal Marine Science
Coastal Marine Science

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