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タイトル: Inside the Pilot's Mind : Visual Information Use in Manual Aircraft Landings
著者: Entzinger, Jorg Onno
Suzuki, Shinji
著者(別言語): エントジンガー, ヨルグ オノ
鈴木, 真二
キーワード: landing control
visual cues
human pilot
simulator experiment
eye-mark recording
発行日: 2012年
出版者: International Council of the Aeronautical Sciences
掲載誌情報: ICAS 2012 CD-ROM PROCEEDINGS, ICAS 2012-9.7.1
関連URI: http://www.icas.org/ICAS_ARCHIVE/ICAS2012/ABSTRACTS/173.HTM
抄録: We test the hypothesis that experienced airline pilots base their flare timing on the visual cue d_theta/d_t, which can be described as ‘the speed of the apparent runway widening’ or ‘the rotational speed of the runway sidelines’, in contrast to the ‘fixed altitude’ and ‘time to contact (t)’ hypotheses. We analysed data from 57 landings flown by 5 professional airline pilots in level D certified full flight simulators of Boeing 767-type aircraft to get a better understanding of what the pilot is actually looking at. We focus on the availability and use of visual cues by analysing time histories of aircraft states, visual cues, the pilot’s control inputs, and eye-mark recordings of 30 of these landings. We present a statistical analysis of the flare initiation points and a qualitative analysis of the eye-mark data. We conclude that experienced pilots initiate their flares at higher altitudes than the recommended 30 ft (9m) and clearly depending on the sinkrate, thereby rejecting the fixed altitude hypothesis. The eye-mark recordings give much insight in the pilot’s visual cue and instrument use, and suggest pilots use d_theta/d_t rather than time-to-contact to decide their flare initiation.
内容記述: 28th congress of the International Council of the Aeronautical Sciences (ICAS2012), 23-28 September 2012, Brisbane, Australia.
Part of "ICAS 2012 CD-ROM PROCEEDINGS"
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2261/56356
ISBN: 978-0-9565333-1-9
出現カテゴリ:052 会議発表論文
1137350 学会・会議等発表資料

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