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タイトル: 回復される均衡 : 元雑劇「緋衣夢」試論
その他のタイトル: Recovering the Balance: A Reading of Yuan Courtroom Drama Feiyimeng 緋衣夢
著者: 廣瀬, 玲子
著者(別言語): Hirose, Reiko
発行日: 2014年12月
出版者: 東京大学東洋文化研究所
掲載誌情報: 東洋文化研究所紀要. 第166冊, 2014.12, pp. 29-66
抄録: Feiyimeng 緋衣夢 is a piece of courtroom drama which deals with a murder case. The author attempts to prove that this drama enacts the process of recovering some imbalances among characters. The plot is as follows: Li Qing’an 李慶安, a son of a merchant, has been engaged to Wang Runxiang 王閏香, a daughter of another merchant. Their fathers used to be good friends, but as the Li family gets poor, father Wang decides to cancel the engagement. Wang Runxiang comes up with the idea of sending some valuables to Qing’an to make betrothal money. One night, just before Qing’an comes to Wang’s garden to receive it from her maid, a villain called Fei Yan 裴炎 sneaks into the garden, kills the maid and steals the money. Runxiang’s father accuses Qing’an as murderer, and the officer falsely gives a sentence of death on him. As new judge Qian Ke 銭可 arrives at the office and reinvestigates the case, supernatural force prevents him from execution of Qing’an. Qian Ke then makes Qing’an sleep in the prison shrine. The words Qing’an says in his sleep forms a puzzle, so Qian Ke solves it and gets the murderer’s name. Even though the murderer is caught, the case is not yet settled, because Qing’an’s father condemns Wang in turn for the false accusation. Runxiang apologizes for what her father has done and persuades Li to excuse him. The proposal of Wang family, to take care of all the betrothal money to compensate the injustice, is finally accepted by Li. Judge Qian Ke decides to give a banquet to celebrate their marriage. The author’s reading is as follows: The drama begins with the economic gap between two families. The imbalance finally leads them to the court, and culminates in the death sentence. At the last moment, with the help of supernatural force, the judge is able to reveal the truth and all the imbalances are redressed at the end. The finale is the marriage which offers prospects for prosperous future of two families. Also, in Feiyimeng, there are several elements that are common with other Yuan courtroom dramas. They must have served to make the audience feel familiar and enjoy the performance. The author thus concludes that we can situate Feiyimeng as a drama of celebration for merchants in the cities, which presents a phase of theatrical evolution from consolation of wandering spirits to secular entertainment.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2261/56371
ISSN: 05638089


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