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タイトル: 豊子愷の描いた桃源譚 : 『赤心国』
その他のタイトル: A Story of the Peach Blossom Spring : the Chixinguo of Feng Zikai
著者: 大野, 公賀
著者(別言語): Ono, Kimika
発行日: 2015年3月
出版者: 東京大学東洋文化研究所
掲載誌情報: 東洋文化研究所紀要. 第167冊, 2015.3, pp. 165-206
抄録: Feng Zikai 豊子愷 (1898-1975) was a leading Chinese intellectual of the modern period widely known for works such as Zikai’s Cartoons (Zikai manhua 子愷漫画), illustrations in his own distinctive style, and Jottings from the Yuanyuan Studio (Yuanyuantang suibi 縁縁堂随筆), a collection of occasional essays (suibi). The subject of present article is Chixinguo 赤心国, a story in his only published collection of children’s tales, Boshi jian gui 博士見鬼(1948). During the war, Feng fled his hometown with ten of his family members and over the next ten years lived at various places in China. Chixinguo was written when he was living in Guizhou 貴州,between 1939 and 1942, one of a collection of nursery tales devised as a means to teach his children the national language. After the war, the story first appeared in the journal Runyu 論語(No. 134; August 1, 1947) and then again in serial form in Yibao 亦報 from July 1, 1950. Though there are slight differences between the two in details of the story and in expression, they closely resemble one another in outline. They are a version of the story of the Peach Blossom Spring (Taohuayuan ji 桃花源記) by Tao Yuanming 陶淵明 - an army of ficer who found shelter from the bombing in a cave discovered in its depths a utopia called Chixinguo. However there are great dif ferences between the two versions in terms of the personality of the characters, the details of the incident that became the cause to forcibly deport the officer to the real world and his behavior following that return. These differences may be thought to emanated from what was taking place between 1947 and 1950. Chixinguo is a society where people help one another, where mutual respect is based on mutual dependence. Leaders exist, but their role is based only onFeng Zikai 豊子愷 (1898-1975) was a leading Chinese intellectual of the modern period widely known for works such as Zikai’s Cartoons (Zikai manhua 子愷漫画), illustrations in his own distinctive style, and Jottings from the Yuanyuan Studio (Yuanyuantang suibi 縁縁堂随筆), a collection of occasional essays (suibi). The subject of present article is Chixinguo 赤心国, a story in his only published collection of children’s tales, Boshi jian gui 博士見鬼(1948). During the war, Feng fled his hometown with ten of his family members and over the next ten years lived at various places in China. Chixinguo was written when he was living in Guizhou 貴州,between 1939 and 1942, one of a collection of nursery tales devised as a means to teach his children the national language. After the war, the story first appeared in the journal Runyu 論語(No. 134; August 1, 1947) and then again in serial form in Yibao 亦報 from July 1, 1950. Though there are slight differences between the two in details of the story and in expression, they closely resemble one another in outline. They are a version of the story of the Peach Blossom Spring (Taohuayuan ji 桃花源記) by Tao Yuanming 陶淵明 - an army of ficer who found shelter from the bombing in a cave discovered in its depths a utopia called Chixinguo. However there are great dif ferences between the two versions in terms of the personality of the characters, the details of the incident that became the cause to forcibly deport the officer to the real world and his behavior following that return. These differences may be thought to emanated from what was taking place between 1947 and 1950. Chixinguo is a society where people help one another, where mutual respect is based on mutual dependence. Leaders exist, but their role is based only on their function and the inhabitants themselves are all completely equal. The form of organization of this settlement greatly resembles the ideals of the Li Da Academy 立達学園that Feng set up jointly with Kuang Husheng 匡互生 and others in 1925. Moreover, there is no distinction between self and others in Chixinguo, and all share their feelings with one another. This is thought to show the influence of Kuang Husheng’s ideas of the “great unity” (datong 大同). Chixinguo continues the utopian theme developed by Tao Yuanming in his Plum Blossom Spring of 412. For Feng, Chixinguo, like the Peach Blossom Spring, is usually concealed “within the depths of the spirit”. It is a place only reached when a person attains a state of non-self. Feng advocated art and religion as the means by which this state might be reached.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2261/56587
ISSN: 05638089
出現カテゴリ:東洋文化研究所紀要
東洋文化研究所紀要

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