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タイトル: 升科,Shengko,Shengkoing : 上海フランス租界における黄浦江沿岸埋立地の取得問題
その他のタイトル: 升科, Shengko, Shengkoing : Who held frontage rights of Quai de France in Shanghai?
著者: 加藤, 雄三
著者(別言語): Kato, Yuzo
発行日: 2015年3月
出版者: 東京大学東洋文化研究所
掲載誌情報: 東洋文化研究所紀要. 第167冊, 2015.3, pp. 349(156)-398(107)
抄録: The Chinese term “Shengko”(升科)means “To enter waste land, foreshore, or accretions fore taxation” originally. When accretion took place, or waste land was brought under cultivation by an adjoining landowner, he was required to record the fact to the Authorities and agree to pay land tax upon the additional area. When foreigners purchased lands at the Treaty Por ts, in accordance with treaty, from native owners they acquired all the natives’ rights. Included in such rights was the right to preempt accretions to their lots. This right was also a kind of Shengko. During late 19th century, there was a conflict between the China Merchants Steam Navigation Co. and the French longshore owners upheld by the French Government. The ground newly formed in continuation of the shore lots of French nationals had been insidiously registered in the name of C.M.S.N. The question was finally settled in 1889 by a compromise. Taotai of Shanghai issued to the riparian owners new title-deeds for the alluvions on the Whangpoo, and C.M.S.N. purchased or leased from them. The China Navigation Company, whose agent was the Butterfield and Swire, and the French Municipality at Shanghai disputed right to shengko the foreshore of C.N.’s proper ties in the French Concession. At all events the French Municipality contended that as owners of the French Bund, they were the only frontagers in the French Concession and alone can exercise the right of Shengko over the foreshore. The question was that who held frontage rights of Quai de France in Shanghai.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2261/56590
ISSN: 05638089


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