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タイトル: What Drives Farmers to Make Top-Down or Bottom-Up Adaptation to Climate Change and Fluctuations? : A Comparative Study on 3 Cases of Apple Farming in Japan and South Africa
著者: Fujisawa, Mariko
Kobayashi, Kazuhiko
Johnston, Peter
New, Mark
発行日: 2015年3月30日
掲載誌情報: Mariko Fujisawa, Kazuhiko Kobayashi, Peter Johnston, Mark New, "What Drives Farmers to Make Top-Down or Bottom-Up Adaptation to Climate Change and Fluctuations? A Comparative Study on 3 Cases of Apple Farming in Japan and South Africa", PLOS ONE Online Edition: 2015/03/30 (Japan time), doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0120563.
関連URI: http://www.u-tokyo.ac.jp/ja/utokyo-research/research-news/how-are-farmers-adapting-to-climate-change.html
抄録: Agriculture is one of the most vulnerable sectors to climate change. Farmers have been exposed to multiple stressors including climate change, and they have managed to adapt to those risks. The adaptation actions undertaken by farmers and their decision making are, however, only poorly understood. By studying adaptation practices undertaken by apple farmers in three regions: Nagano and Kazuno in Japan and Elgin in South Africa, we categorize the adaptation actions into two types: farmer initiated bottom-up adaptation and institution led top-down adaptation. We found that the driver which differentiates the type of adaptation likely adopted was strongly related to the farmers’ characteristics, particularly their dependence on the institutions, e.g. the farmers’ cooperative, in selling their products. The farmers who rely on the farmers’ cooperative for their sales are likely to adopt the institution-led adaptation, whereas the farmers who have established their own sales channels tend to start innovative actions by bottom-up. We further argue that even though the two types have contrasting features, the combinations of the both types of adaptations could lead to more successful adaptation particularly in agriculture. This study also emphasizes that more farm-level studies for various crops and regions are warranted to provide substantial feedbacks to adaptation policy.
内容記述: UTokyo Research掲載「農家は気候変動にどう適応しているか?」 URI: http://www.u-tokyo.ac.jp/ja/utokyo-research/research-news/how-are-farmers-adapting-to-climate-change.html
UTokyo Research "How are farmers adapting to climate change?" URI: http://www.u-tokyo.ac.jp/en/utokyo-research/research-news/how-are-farmers-adapting-to-climate-change.html
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2261/58565
ISSN: 1932-6203
出現カテゴリ:014 自然科学
1161810 学術雑誌論文


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