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タイトル: D. ストウの「訓練システム」における<矯正>と<教育> : 19 世紀イギリス大衆学校の性格をめぐって
その他のタイトル: Reformatory and Educational Thoughts in the "Training System" of David Stow--A Study on the Popular Schooling in the Nineteenth Century Britain
著者: 児美川, 佳代子
著者(別言語): Komikawa, Kayoko
発行日: 1995年2月28日
出版者: 東京大学教育学部
掲載誌情報: 東京大学教育学部紀要. 34巻, 1995.2, p.41-48
抄録: In the nineteenth century Britain, the problem of the increase of young offenders raised the following connected statements. One statement stressed upon the need for the popular education, and the other improvement of the treatment of young offenders. In those days the discourses of reformation and education were formulated within the same framework. Today, however, educational thought can't be said equal to reformatory thought. That suggests that educational thought was gradually distinguished from reformatory thought. In this paper the writer has attempted to clarify the relation between educational thought and reformatory one through examining the "training system" of David Stow (1793-1864). The aim of Stow's training system was the formation of good habits of children in schools in place of the bad habits on the streets. Furthermore this training system was also introduced to reformatory institutions, such as reformatory schools and Parkhurst Prison (the first national 'separate juvenile prison' in Briatin). Nevertheless Stow emphasized "Prevention is better than cure". So he asserted that early education was needed for the formation of good habits. These Stow's thoughts showed the dual aspects of the relation of educational thought and reformatory one. On the one hand education in the training schools seemed to have the same function as the reformation in the reformatory institutions. On the other hand the formation of good habits was regarded as different from the reformation of bad habits. Consequently, therefore, it can be said that Stow's training system indicated the beginning of the distinction between educational thought and reformatory one.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2261/672
ISSN: 04957849


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