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タイトル: 中学生の進路決定過程に関する事例研究 : 努力主義の採用と学業成績の層的認識
その他のタイトル: On Decision-Making Process of Senior High School Selection among Japanese Junior High School Students : Psychological Mechanism of Entrance Examination Hell
著者: 藤田, 武志
著者(別言語): Fujita, Takashi
発行日: 1995年2月28日
出版者: 東京大学教育学部
掲載誌情報: 東京大学教育学部紀要. 34巻, 1995.2, p.185-194
抄録: This paper attempts to describe psychological mechanism which compels Janapnese junior high school students to study hard toward entrance examination. First, I examine Japanese junior high school students' subjective interpretation of the Japanese system of entrance examination to senior high school characterized by Hensachi, a standard deviation score which places each student on one dimensional scale. Second, I tried to clarify how they cope with their situation under the Japanese educational system. The discussions lead me to four points. First, Japanese junior high school students regard their decision-making process not necessarily as a competitive one; Second, to protect selfesteem they tend to judge their test performance to be a result of their effors not of their ability; Third, each student is afraid of being threaten the existance of the world constructed for himself or herself through parents, teachers and other students compare his or her Hensachi to other students', especially the students who get higher score, and regard him or her as to be inferior to others. To protect each student's world, he or she try to think that those who get higher Hensachi live in the different world from his or her own. So students suppose that raising their Hensach is derived not from kicking others down but from their effort only; Fourth these mechanisms appear to lead them to regard their decision-making process of a high school to apply for as one of effort to raise hensachi. Their attempt to profect self-esteem and their world ironically confined them to the world of effort and persistence.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2261/681
ISSN: 04957849


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