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タイトル: Two Types of Relative Clauses in Germanic and Romance Languages
著者: Inada, Shun'ichiro
キーワード: (Infinitival) Relative Clause
Wh-pronoun
D-pronoun
Null-operator
発行日: 2006年6月
出版者: Tokyo University English Linguistics Association
掲載誌情報: Linguistic research : working papers in English linguistics. No.22, 2006.6, pp. 29-56
抄録: This paper makes clear an important distinction in relative clauses in Germanic and Romance languages based on morphological forms of relative pronouns and structural positions of relative clauses within DP. I claim that there are two types of relative clauses : (i) a relative clause which allows an overt relative pronoun only when it is accompanied by a pied-piped preposition ; and (ii) a relative clause with an overt relative pronoun, allowing larger constituents to be pied-piped. In the second type of the relative clause only a d-pronoun or a complex pronoun with the form of a determiner and a wh-word is used. Under this typology of relative clauses, two points are shown. The first is that English infinitival relatives, which do not allow an occurrence of an overt relative pronoun without a pied-piped preposition, constitute the first type of relative clauses. The second is that English finite relatives are peculiar from a cross-linguistic perspective. Only a d-pronoun or a complex pronoun can be bare in Germanic and Romance languages whereas in English, a wh-pronoun can be "bare" (i.e. without pied-piped constituents). Concerning the peculiarity of English wh-pronouns, investigation of a historical change of relative clauses in English suggests the reason why they have such a property.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2261/6810
出現カテゴリ:Linguistic research : working papers in English linguistics
Linguistic research : working papers in English linguistics

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