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JTLA : Journal of the Faculty of Letters, the University of Tokyo, Aesthetics >

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タイトル: Art and Technology : The End and the Future
著者: Carolyn, Wilde
発行日: 1994年3月26日
出版者: Faculty of Letters, the University of Tokyo
掲載誌情報: JTLA : Journal of the Faculty of Letters, the University of Tokyo, Aesthetics. 18, 1994.3.26, pp. 15-33
抄録: Danto has identified the sense of crisis in art at the end of the Twentieth Century. I have suggested that his account of that crisis is unduly pessimistic. I have not however attempted to predict what art will be like in the next century. For not only is art in its very nature unpredictable, but speculations about the future on such a scale are liable to be quaint, like science fiction drawings, which carry with them features of their own times, so close as to be unnoticed, and which construct a vision of the future on the unreliable basis of the fears and enthusiasms of the present. As Danto himself puts this point, nothing so much belongs to its own times as an age's glimpses into the future. What I have attempted to do in this essay however is to identify some features of the present condition of art which I think are important in our present thought about the future of art. The first is that the domination of a peculiarly Western concept of art, with its defensive separations of art, design and craft, may be breaking down, and that the aesthetic ideas and practices from cultures which have not traditionaly made such rigid distinctions may influence the course of art, with beneficent effects on our sensibilities towards our personal and social environment. Secondly, and perhaps more fundamentally, I have pointed to ways in which the Western concept of art has been a means whereby complex and competeting views about reality, nature and human nature have been visualised and contended. In any self reflective culture I believe that art, in whatever form, will continue to play this role. And the last and most particular point is that the separation of art from other more moral, political or spiritual concerns in the Modernist period of Western art may now be over. Ideas of both social organisation and spiritual value, and processes of moral deliberation require imagination. Artistic representions are one of the ways in which the imagination is constructed and made reflective. Thus if any new technologies of representation are to be technologies of art, they must be able to be used in ways which enable us to reflect upon the relations between the content and themes of the work and the manner or style in which that content is revealed. Plato asked about the knowledge or expertise which artists have about that which they speak or show. His question is still relevant to those who seek to use mechanical or electronic technologies to make new forms of art. For the knowledge of an artist lies in knowing how a technology or a medium might be used not merely to represent the world, but as a means of seeing the world and its human concerns, and thus reflecting upon it.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2261/7097
ISSN: 03862593
出現カテゴリ:JTLA : Journal of the Faculty of Letters, the University of Tokyo, Aesthetics
JTLA : Journal of the Faculty of Letters, the University of Tokyo, Aesthetics

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